Eichmann, Adolf

Eichmann, Adolf
   Born in Solingen, Germany, Eich-mann was a German SS officer who presided over the implementation of Adolf Hitler's "final solution," the extermination of European Jews in the Holocaust. Captured by the Americans at the end of the war, Eichmann escaped to Argentina, where he was recaptured by Israeli Mossad agents in 1960. He was tried in public on charges of crimes against the Jewish people and war crimes against humanity. In his memoirs, published only in 1999, Eichmann writes: "Obeying an order was the most important thing to me." This is how he sought to explain his role in killing 6 million Jews. The trial began in Jerusalem on 11 April 1961, and on 11 December 1961, the court found Eichmann guilty and sentenced him to death. After appeals, he was executed on 31 May 1962. The trial focused world attention on the tragedy of European Jewry and the systematic efforts of Nazi Germany to exterminate the Jewish communities of Europe in the Holocaust.

Historical Dictionary of Israel. .

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  • EICHMANN, ADOLF OTTO° — (1906–1962), SS officer and head of the Jewish Department of the Gestapo. He became one of the people most identified with the Final Solution of the Jewish Problem during his trial, which took place in Jerusalem in 1961, and a synonym in all… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Eichmann, Adolf — ▪ German military official in full  Karl Adolf Eichmann  born March 19, 1906, Solingen, Germany died May 31, 1962, Tel Aviv, Israel       German high official who was hanged by the state of Israel for his part in the Holocaust, the Nazi (Nazi… …   Universalium

  • Eichmann, Adolf — (1906–62)    Nazi official in charge of Jewish extermination. Adolf Eichmann was born in Solingen, Germany, grew up in Austria, and joined the Nazi party there in 1932. He returned to Germany a year later, and rose to become head of the Jewish… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Eichmann, Adolf — (1906–1962)    Because of his trial in Israel in 1961, Eichmann has become, perhaps, the most widely known Nazi perpetrator of the Holocaust. Eichmann moved to Germany after the Austrian Nazi Party was banned in 1933. In Germany, he enlisted in… …   Historical dictionary of the Holocaust

  • Eichmann, Adolf — 1906–1962    Eichmann was a German SS officer who was Head of the Gestapo’s Section IV BG, the Department of Jewish Affairs. After the Wannsee Conference (January 1942) it was decided to put into effect the final solution to exterminate all Jews …   Who’s Who in World War Two

  • Eichmann,Adolf — Eich·mann (īkʹmən, īKHʹ , īKH mänʹ), Adolf. 1906 1962. German Nazi official who as head of the Gestapo s Jewish section (1939 1945) was chiefly responsible for the murder of millions of Jews during World War II. After the war he fled to South… …   Universalium

  • Eichmann, Adolf —  (1906–1962) Notorious Nazi war criminal, head of Gestapo; captured in Argentina by Israeli agents in 1960 and tried and executed in Israel …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Adolf Eichmann — (1961) Unterschrift von Adolf Eichmann …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Adolf Eichmann — en uniforme SS en 1942 Naissance 19 mars 1906 Solingen …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Eichmann — Adolf Eichmann Adolf Eichmann Naissance 19 mars 1906 Solingen, Allemagne Décès 31 mai 1962 (à 56 ans) Jérusalem …   Wikipédia en Français

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